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Linux Distributions: Information Security (15):

BackBox is a Linux distribution based on Ubuntu. It has been developed to perform penetration tests and security assessments. Designed to be fast, easy to use and provide a minimal yet complete desktop environment, thanks to its own software repositories, always being updated to the latest stable version of the most used and best known ethical hacking tools.

BlackArch Linux is an Arch Linux-based distribution for penetration testers and security researchers. The repository contains over 1400 tools. You can install tools individually or in groups. BlackArch Linux is compatible with existing Arch installs.

Bugtraq is a distribution based on GNU/Linux aimed at digital forensics, penetration testing, Malware Laboratories, and GSM Forensics.

CAINE (Computer Aided INvestigative Environment) is an Italian GNU/Linux live Debian based distribution created as a project of Digital Forensics. CAINE has a specific focus on digital forensics, so if this is your area the this distro is highly recommended.

DEFT (Digital Evidence & Forensic Toolkit) is a customised distribution of the Ubuntu live Linux CD. It is an easy-to-use system that includes excellent hardware detection and some of the best open-source applications dedicated to incident response and computer forensics.

Fedora Security Lab provides a safe test environment to work on security auditing, forensics, system rescue and teaching security testing methodologies in universities and other organizations.

Kali Linux is an open source project that is maintained and funded by Offensive Security, a provider of world-class information security training and penetration testing services.

Matriux is a phenomenon that was waiting to happen. It is a fully featured security distribution based on Debian consisting of a powerful bunch of more than 300 open source and free tools that can be used for various purposes including, but not limited to, penetration testing, ethical hacking, system and network administration, cyber forensics investigations, security testing, vulnerability analysis, and much more. It is a distribution designed for security enthusiasts and professionals, although it can be used normally as your default desktop system.

Parrot Security OS is a security oriented operating system designed for Pentesting, Computer Forensic, Reverse engineering, Hacking, Cloud pentesting, privacy/anonimity and cryptography. Based on Debian and developed by Frozenbox network.

Pentoo is a security-focused livecd based on Gentoo with lots of customized tools, customized kernel, and much more.

REMnux is a free Linux toolkit for assisting malware analysts with reverse-engineering malicious software. It strives to make it easier for forensic investigators and incident responders to start using the variety of freely-available tools that can examine malware, yet might be difficult to locate or set up.

Samurai Web Testing Framework is a LiveCD based on Ubuntu focused on web application testing. We have collected the top testing tools and pre-installed them to build the perfect environment for testing applications.

Security Onion is a Linux distro for intrusion detection, network security monitoring, and log management. It's based on Ubuntu and contains Snort, Suricata, Bro, OSSEC, Sguil, Squert, ELSA, Xplico, NetworkMiner, and many other security tools. The easy-to-use Setup wizard allows you to build an army of distributed sensors for your enterprise in minutes!

URIX is a security-focused distribution and live DVD based on openSUSE.

WEAKERTH4N Linux is a penetration testing environment based on Debian.